The Bologna Process
It established the European Higher Education Area to facilitate student and staff mobility, to make higher education more inclusive and accessible, and to make higher education in Europe more attractive and competitive worldwide.
As part of the European Higher Education Area, all participating countries agreed to:
- introduce a three-cycle higher education system consisting of bachelor's, master's and doctoral studies
- ensure the mutual recognition of qualifications and learning periods abroad completed at other universities
- implement a system of quality assurance, to strengthen the quality and relevance of learning and teaching
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In Europe, recognition of degrees and diplomas is arranged through a common credit system known as the European Credit Transfer System or ECTS.